Exploitation of refugees and other migrants in the Middle East and Europe
Since tightening internal and external borders and signing the March 2016 EU-Turkey Agreement, European governments have heralded their success in reducing the number of refugees and other migrants arriving in Greece from Turkey. However, the same policies that have reduced migration flows have simultaneously driven protection concerns for those still on the move, who rely more heavily on people smugglers to reach their destinations undetected.
Ground Truth Solutions is looking at IDP and refugee perceptions of humanitarian assistance in northern Iraq as part of the Mixed Migration Platform (MMP). Two separate reports present the perceptions and opinions of IDPs and Syrian refugees on various topics including humanitarian aid, information needs, and their relations with aid providers, authorities, and the host community.
April was marked by changing dynamics in the in- ternal displacement situations in both Syria and Iraq. Displacement in Syria’s Al-Raqqa governorate surged, with over 66,000 people displaced during the month due to the intensification of fighting around Tabqqa, close to Al-Raqqa city. In Iraq, heavy fighting continued in west Mosul, inducing large-scale displacement to camps in the north and west of the city.
Although increasingly recognised as a major driver of displacement globally, the impact of environmental change on migration and displacement remains underexplored in the Middle East. The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) estimates that an average of at least 25.4 million people are displaced by ‘disasters triggered by natural hazards’ each year, a number that is expected to increase. While multiple analyses have linked climate change to the conflict in Syria, further study is needed to understand the complex relationships between environmental issues and migration in the region.
Decision-making and its consequences for families separated by mixed migration
The decision to move from the Middle East to Europe is made for a variety of reasons, and not only by those who make the journey. A significant body of research has been gathered on refugees and other migrants arriving in Europe in recent years, but comparatively little is known about how decisions to move or stay are made within families, nor about how family members moving affects those left behind.
March 2017 marked six years since the beginning of the war in Syria as well as the first time that the number of Syrian refugees in neighbouring countries has surpassed 5 million. In addition to those who have fled the country, conflict in March saw some 75,000 people newly internally displaced in Aleppo governorate, with thousands more displaced by fighting in Hama governorate and Dar’a al Balad.