May was marked by ongoing conflict in Iraq, flight and continue apprehensions both in Syria and Turkey. The number of Syrian refugees in neighbouring countries increased, as well as Internal displacement. More than 2,110 people travelled from Turkey to Greece by sea in May. While Syrians and Iraqis comprised the largest percentageof arrivals, diversity continues to increase compared to 2016.
In this report, Ground Truth Solutions analyses data collected from three distinct refugee groups in Lebanon: Syrian refugees; Palestine refugees from Syria; and Palestine refugees in Lebanon – most of whom have been in the country for many decades. This is the first in what will be a series of three data collection rounds looking at refugee perceptions of humanitarian assistance in Lebanon under the Mixed Migration Platform (MMP).
April was marked by changing dynamics in the in- ternal displacement situations in both Syria and Iraq. Displacement in Syria’s Al-Raqqa governorate surged, with over 66,000 people displaced during the month due to the intensification of fighting around Tabqqa, close to Al-Raqqa city. In Iraq, heavy fighting continued in west Mosul, inducing large-scale displacement to camps in the north and west of the city.
Although increasingly recognised as a major driver of displacement globally, the impact of environmental change on migration and displacement remains underexplored in the Middle East. The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) estimates that an average of at least 25.4 million people are displaced by ‘disasters triggered by natural hazards’ each year, a number that is expected to increase. While multiple analyses have linked climate change to the conflict in Syria, further study is needed to understand the complex relationships between environmental issues and migration in the region.
Decision-making and its consequences for families separated by mixed migration
The decision to move from the Middle East to Europe is made for a variety of reasons, and not only by those who make the journey. A significant body of research has been gathered on refugees and other migrants arriving in Europe in recent years, but comparatively little is known about how decisions to move or stay are made within families, nor about how family members moving affects those left behind.