Latest Briefing Paper publications

Photo: Miodrag Cakic Underage, undocumented and alone

Underage, undocumented and alone

A gap analysis of undocumented unaccompanied and separated children on the move in Jordan, Lebanon and Greece

This briefing paper examines the state of, and existing protection gaps in, the asylum process for undocumented, unaccompanied and separated children (UASC) on the move in Jordan, Lebanon and Greece.

Photo: DRC Rejected but remaining

Rejected but remaining

Analysis of the protection challenges that confront rejected asylum seekers remaining in Europe

The objective of this briefing paper is to draw attention to the protection challenges that rejected asylum seekers are confronted with. It will also provide an indication of the number of rejected asylum seekers who remain in Europe by looking at Eurostat data, whilst also highlighting the limitations and discrepancies within this data.

Photo: DRC Trafficking in Mixed Migration Flows

Trafficking in Mixed Migration Flows

Exploitation of refugees and other migrants in the Middle East and Europe

Since tightening internal and external borders and signing the March 2016 EU-Turkey Agreement, European governments have heralded their success in reducing the number of refugees and other migrants arriving in Greece from Turkey. However, the same policies that have reduced migration flows have simultaneously driven protection concerns for those still on the move, who rely more heavily on people smugglers to reach their destinations undetected.

Photo: DRC Migration, displacement, and the environment

Migration, displacement, and the environment

A Perspective from the Middle East

Although increasingly recognised as a major driver of displacement globally, the impact of environmental change on migration and displacement remains underexplored in the Middle East. The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) estimates that an average of at least 25.4 million people are displaced by ‘disasters triggered by natural hazards’ each year, a number that is expected to increase. While multiple analyses have linked climate change to the conflict in Syria, further study is needed to understand the complex relationships between environmental issues and migration in the region.

Photo: DRC Turning back

Turning back

Policy and data analysis of Iraqis moving back from Europe

This briefing paper outlines the legal and policy frameworks governing the return of refugees and other migrants from Europe, with a particular focus on Iraqis. Analysing existing data on return migration from Europe, it identifies trends among Iraqis returning home, their reasons for return, and the conditions they face upon arriving in Iraq.

Photo: UNWomen/Christopher Herwig Women and girls on the move

Women and girls on the move

A gender analysis of mixed migration from the Middle East to Europe

This briefing paper focuses on the experience of women and girls travelling to Europe, in order to provide a more detailed understanding of factors surrounding the decision to leave home, the type of journey undertaken, and their experience along the way. Produced by the Joint Analysis Unit on behalf of the newly established Mixed Migration Platform, this briefing paper is the first in a series of studies examining specific issues pertinent to migration to, from and within the Middle East region.